The Internet of Things movement (IoT) is a movement that has started ever since there were computers and the internet. IoT connects the internet to a variety of devices that do not normally have the internet to enable them to do a variety of additional tasks or processes that were previously unimaginable and not done.
Billions of devices are being connected to the internet from light bulbs that can be controlled by mobile phones to airplanes that can send diagnostic information while in flight there is something that in all parts of life, for consumers and for businesses that are connected to the internet.
Consumers and Businesses
Consumers can now experience connected devices in all parts of their home, and life. For example, waking up in the morning can activate a host of devices to start doing a variety of process that is enabled because of the internet. A timer in the mainframe of your house can activate an alarm clock to wake you up, turn the lights on, and even activate a coffee machine to have fresh coffee by the time you get to the kitchen.
Businesses across all verticals can experience benefits from the IoT movement. IoT has enabled remote monitoring of devices to enable the reading of sensors in hazardous locations from safe locations. Machine to Machine communication is possible due to the IoT movement. Machines are able to communicate with one another allowing autonomous actions.
An estimated 23 billion devices around the world are connected to the internet currently with and an estimated 75 billion devices to be connected to the internet by 2025 (Statista). This poses potential problems, with more devices connected to the internet and more devices to be connected in the future, infrastructure needs to be flexible and scalable to meet the demand for wireless connectivity. Additionally, both the devices and the networks they operate on a need to remain secure to provide protection and security to all threats.
Advances in wireless infrastructure have enabled the current 23 billion devices to connect to connect to the internet. The future development of 5G wireless will enable more devices to be connected at the same time and will enable faster connects than currently available through LTE connections. Broadband wireless infrastructure in areas that are unable to be reached by fiber or cell service are currently able to match the demand for connectivity and is a scalable option for future growth. The growth in popularity of smart cities will enable more devices to be connected as fiber and wireless infrastructure increases.
Many IoT devices capture large amounts of data from users or sensors, and this is streamed over the wireless connection. Security is a must to protect the sensitive information of users. As processing power increases and chips decrease in size IoT devices will be enabled to run additional programs to protect user data. Networks, both wireless and hard lined, enable higher broadband speeds and capacity. Network security through programs, AI, and monitoring will be essential to enable the safe usage of IoT devices.
IoT has enabled billions of devices to be connected to the internet and has allowed advancements for consumers and businesses to evolve. The infrastructure that supports these devices must remain flexible, scalable, and secure to meet future demands. As devices evolve, expand, and further develop they must enable their own security measures to ensure the protection of sensitive data created by end users.